An eponym is the name of a person, whether real or fictitious, who has (or is thought to have) given rise to the name of a particular place, tribe, discovery, or other item. An eponymous person is the person referred to by the eponym. In contemporary English, the term eponymous is often used to mean self-titled. The word eponym is often used for the thing titled. Stigler's law of eponymy suggests that Eponyms are usually false, i.e., things are rarely named after the person who discovered or invented them.
FRANGIPANI: almond-flavored cream created by Marquis Muzio Frangipani.
MOZARTKUGELN: marzipan with nougat cream, dipped in chocolate created in Vienna in 1890 by Salzburg confectioner Paul Furst, and named in honor of Mozart.
MADELEINE: light sponge cake associated with Madeleine Palmier, a French pastry chef.
MELBA TOAST: toasted bread, sliced and baked created at The Ritz to ameliorate Dame Nellie’s diet.
THE SANDWICH: named after the 11th Earl of Sandwich to facilitate simultaneous eating & gambling.