Saturday, 28 February 2009

The Cornet

An ice-cream cone or cornet is a cone-shaped pastry, usually made of a wafer similar in texture to a waffle, in which ice cream is served, allowing it to be eaten without a bowl or spoon. Various types of ice-cream cones include waffle cones, cake cones (or wafer cones), pretzel cones, and sugar cones.


The cornet is a brass instrument very similar to the trumpet, distinguished by its conical bore, compact shape, and mellower tone quality.


Friday, 27 February 2009

Health Question & Answer Session

Q: I've heard that cardiovascular exercise can prolong life; is this true?
A: Your heart is only good for so many beats, and that's it.. don't waste them on exercise. Everything wears out eventually.. Speeding up your heart will not make you live longer; that's like saying you can extend the life of your car by driving it faster. Want to live longer? Take a nap.

Q: Should I cut down on meat and eat more fruit and vegetables?
A: You must grasp logistical efficiencies. What does a cow eat? Hay and corn. And what are these? Vegetables. So a steak is nothing more than an efficient mechanism of delivering vegetables to your system. Need grain? Eat chicken. Beef is also a good source of field grass
(green leafy vegetable). And a pork chop can give you 100% of your recommended daily allowance of vegetable products.

Q: Should I reduce my alcohol intake?
A: No, not at all. Wine is made from fruit. Brandy is distilled wine, that means they take the water out of the fruity bit so you get even more of the goodness that way. Beer is also made out of grain . Bottoms up!

Q: How can I calculate my body/ fat ratio?
A: Well, if you have a body and you have fat, your ratio is one to one.. If you have two bodies , your ratio is two to one, etc.

Q: What are some of the advantages of participating in a regular exercise programme?
A: Can't think of a single one, sorry. My philosophy is: No Pain... Good !

Q: Aren't fried foods bad for you?
A: YOU'RE NOT LISTENING !!! ... Foods are fried these days in vegetable oil. In fact, they're permeated in it. How could getting more vegetables be bad for you?

Q: Will sit-ups help prevent me from getting a little soft around the middle?
A: Definitely not! When you exercise a muscle, it gets bigger.. You should only be doing sit-ups if you want a bigger stomach..

Q: Is chocolate bad for me?
A: Are you crazy? HELLO!!! Cocoa beans! Another vegetable!!! It's the best feel-good food around!

Q: Is swimming good for your figure?
A: If swimming is good for your figure, explain whales to me.

Q: Is getting in-shape important for my lifestyle?
A: Hey! 'Round' is a shape!

Well, I hope this has cleared up any misconceptions you may have had about food and diets.

And remember: 'Life should NOT be a journey to the grave with the intention of arriving safely in an attractive and well preserved body, but rather to skid in sideways - Chardonnay in one hand - chocolate in the other - body thoroughly used up, totally worn out and screaming 'WOW what a ride!'

Thursday, 26 February 2009

Phrases using two or twoness

  • We often use two when we have an alternative and a choice to make: we might be in two minds, then select the lesser of two evils, or we could deny a choice by saying there's no two ways about it.
  • Someone who cheats could be two-timing us, and we might describe a liar as two-faced. We might issue them a challenge by saying 'two can play at that game'. On the other hand, we might emphasise agreement by saying 'that makes two of us'.
  • Two can also be a helpful addition: we may have two bites of the cherry, have two strings to our bow or we may say two heads are better than one.
  • Finally, it can be used to emphasise a very small quantity. We might offer our two cents' worth or tuppenceworth, or put two and two together to draw a conclusion from simple facts.


Wednesday, 25 February 2009

'Andy Pandy' puppet up for grabs

An original puppet from children's TV show Andy Pandy is reportedly going under the hammer.

Teddy, who lived with Andy and rag doll Looby Loo in the same basket, is expected to fetch between £3,000 and £5,000 when it is auctioned at Bonhams in Knightsbridge on May 19.

The fully-strung puppet is owned by Antiques Roadshow expert Paul Atterbury, who inherited the bear from his mother, who worked on the show.

The original version of the programme premiered on the BBC in 1950 under the For The Children strand.


Tuesday, 24 February 2009


Blotting paper is a type of paper or other material which is used in a desk blotter to absorb an excess of substance (such as ink or oil) from the surface of an object.

Examples of its use include absorbing the excess ink left on parchment after writing with a fountain pen, removal of excess lipstick or facial oils in cosmetic testing, or removal of excess dye after staining.

When used to remove ink from writings, the writing may appear in reverse on the surface of the blotting paper, a phenomenon which has been used as a plot device in a number of detective stories.


Blotter can also refer to an official summary, usually covering a short duration, such as a police blotter, or the trade confirmation summary of a financial institution. The term is frequently used in financial institution software terms to represent a list of current trades in a spreadsheet-like interface whose status is updated in real-time. The trades are often highlighted in different colours depending on their status.


Monday, 23 February 2009

Etymology of "O.K."

Did you know that every time you utter the word "okay", you are forwarding the legacy of the educated teens of the 19th century? "O.K.", the abbreviation of "oll correct*" (popular misspelling for "all correct") was first published (and consequently popularized) in the Boston Morning Post on March 23rd 1839 as part of a joke.

The educated youth of the 1830s enjoyed misspelling and abbreviating words which they then used as slang. However, of all the abbreviations that were popular in the 19th century, only one has crossed into mainstream and adequate english.  Used as a political weapon, "O.K." was both the name of a gang of thugs (the "O.K" Club** were to influence voters into favoring and reelecting president Martin Van Bureen) and a jab at the president's mentor, Andrew Jackson, who had (according to the rival party) invented the abbreviation to camouflage his own grammatical mistake.

Other debunked theories on the origins of "okay"  include the name of a popular army biscuit (Orrin Kendall), the name of a haitian rum port (Aux Cayes) and the signature of the Choctaw Chief, Old Keokuk.

Let us be thankful for "okay"; the word that has saved us from many an explanation. Nonetheless, let us pray that the phrase "2 kewl 4 skewl" never becomes acceptable english.


Friday, 13 February 2009

Types of Collars

Some specific styles of collars include:

  • Ascot collar or stock collar, a very tall standing collar with the points turned up over the chin, to be worn with a cravat.
  • Albany collar, a standard turndown cutaway collar, worn predominantly in early 20th century.
  • Band collar, a collar with a small standing band, usually buttoned, in the style worn with detachable collars.
  • Barrymore collar, a turnover shirt collar with long points, as worn by the actor John Barrymore. The style reappeared in the 1970s; particularly during that time it was often known as a "tapered collar", and could accompany fashionable wide ties on dress shirts.
  • Bertha collar, a wide, flat, round collar, often of lace or sheer fabric, worn with a low neckline in the Victorian era and resurrected in the 1940s.
  • Buster Brown collar, a wide, flat, round collar, sometimes with a ruffle, usually worn with a floppy bow tie, characteristic of boys' shirts from c. 1880-1920.
  • Butterfly collar, same as wing collar but with rounded tips.
  • Button-down collar, a collar with buttonholes on the points to fasten them to the body of the shirt.
  • Cadet collar, same as mandarin collar.
  • Chinese collar, same as mandarin collar.
  • Cape collar, a collar fashioned like a cape and hanging over the shoulders.
  • Chelsea collar, a woman's collar for a low V-neckline, with a stand and long points, popular in the 1960s and 1970s.
  • Clerical collar, band collar worn as part of clerical clothing
  • Convertible collar, a collar designed to be worn with the neck button either fastened or unfastened.
  • Cossack collar a high standing collar opening to one side and frequently trimmed with embroidery; popular under the influence of the 1965 film Doctor Zhivago.
  • Detachable collar or false-collar, a collar made as a separate accessory to be worn with a band-collared shirt.
  • Double Round Collar, a turn down collar with rounded tips.
  • Eton collar, a wide stiff buttoned collar forming part of the uniform of Eton College starting in the late 19th century.
  • Falling band, a collar with rectanglar points falling over the chest, worn in the 17th century and remaining part of Anglican clerical clothing into the 19th century.
  • Fichu collar, a collar styled like an 18th century fichu, a large neckerchief folded into a triangular shape and worn with the point in the back and the front corners tied over the breast.
  • Gladstone collar, a standing collar with the points pressed to stick out horizontally at the side-fronts, worn with a scarf or ascot; popularized by the British Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone.
  • Grandad collar, same as band collar.
  • Imperial collar, a stiff standing collar for men's formal wear; sometimes referred to as a poke collar
  • Jabot collar, a standing collar with a pleated, ruffled, or lace-trimmed frill down the front.
  • Johnny collar, a women's style with an open, short V-neck and a flat, often knit collar.
  • Lacoste collar, the un-starched, flat, protruding collar of a tennis shirt, invented by RenĂ© Lacoste.
  • Mandarin collar, a small standing collar, open at the front, based on traditional Manchu or Mongol-influenced Asian garments.
  • Man-tailored collar, a woman's shirt collar made like a man's shirt collar with a stand and stiffened or buttoned-down points.
  • Mao collar, a short, almost straight standing collar folded over, with the points extending only to the base of the band, characteristic of the Mao suit.
  • Medici collar, a flared, fan-shaped collar with a V-opening at the front popular in the 1540s and 1550s, after similar styles seen in portraits of Catherine de' Medici.
  • Middy collar, a sailor collar (from midshipman), popular for women's and children's clothing in the early 20th century
  • Mock or mockneck, a knitted collar similar to a turtleneck but without a turnover
  • Nehru collar, a small standing collar, meeting at the front, based on traditional Indian garments, popular in the 1960s with the Nehru jacket.
  • Notched collar, a wing-shaped collar with a triangular notch in it. Often seen in blazers and blouses with business suits. Also, rounded notched collars appear in many forms of pajamas.
  • Peter Pan collar, a small, flat, round-cornered collar without a stand, popular for women's and children's clothing in the mid-20th century. Peter Pan collars
  • Picadilly collar, a wing collar made of plastic or celloid.
  • Pierrot collar, a round, flat, limp collar based on the costume worn by the Commedia dell'Arte character Pierrot.
  • Poet collar, a soft shirt collar, often with long points, worn by Romantic poets such as Lord Byron, or a 1970s style reminiscent of this.
  • Poke collar, a stiff standing collar for men's formal wear; also referred to as an imperial collar
  • Prince of Wales collar, a dress-shirt collar style inspired by Edward VIII when he was Prince of Wales. A cutaway collar, like a Windsor collar, but not as wide-set, less stiff, and with longer points.
  • Revere collar, flat V-shaped collar often found on blouses.
  • Rolled collar, any collar that is softly rolled where it folds down from the stand (as opposed to a collar with a pressed crease at the fold).
  • Round collar, any collar with rounded points.
  • Ruff collar a high standing pleated collar popular in the renaissance period made of starched linen or lace, or a similar fashion popular late seventeenth century and again in the early nineteenth century.
  • Sailor collar, a collar with a deep V-neck in front, no stand, and a square back, based on traditional sailor's uniforms
  • Shawl collar, a round collar for a V-neckline that is extended to form lapels, often used on cardigan sweaters, dinner jackets and women's blouses.
  • Spread collar, a shirt collar with a wide spread between the points, which can accommodate a bulky necktie knot.
  • Tab collar, a shirt collar with a small tab that fastens the points together underneath the knot of the necktie.
  • Tunic collar, a shirt collar with only a short (1cm) standing band around the neck, with holes to fasten a detachable collar using shirt studs.
  • Upturned collar, an otherwise flat, protruding collar of either a shirt (especially a tennis shirt), jacket, or coat that has been turned upward, either for sport use, warmth, or as either a "fashion signal" or a perceived status symbol.
  • Van Dyke or vandyke collar, a large collar with deep points standing high on the neck and falling onto the shoulders, usually trimmed with lace or reticella, worn in the second quarter of the 17th century, as seen in portraits by Anthony Van Dyck.
  • Windsor collar, for a cutaway collar: a dress-shirt collar that is slightly stiff, with a wide spread (space between the points) to accommodate a Windsor knot tie, popularized in the 1930s; for a wing collar, a standard wing collar.
  • Wing collar (or, incorrectly, wingtip collar), a small standing collar with the points pressed to stick out horizontally, resembling "wings", worn with men's evening dress (white tie or black tie); a descendant of Gladstone collar. Used by barristers in the UK and Canada.
  • Wing or whisk, a stiffened half-circle collar with a tall stand, worn in the early 17th century.
  • Y-collar, similar to a Johnny collar, only with one or two buttons at the bottom of the v-neck line, creating a y-shape.
  • See

Thursday, 12 February 2009

Deduction, inference and illation

From the standpoint of the theory of medicine, a formulation is given of three types of reasoning used by physicians.

The first is deduction from probability models (as in prognosis or genetic counseling for Mendelian disorders). It is a branch of mathematics that leads to predictive statements about outcomes of individual events in terms of known formal assumptions and parameters.

The second type is inference (as in interpreting clinical trials). In it the arguments from replications of the same process (data) lead to conclusions about the parameters of a system, without calling into question either the probabilistic model or the criteria of evidence.

The third is illation (as in the elucidation of symptoms in a patient). It is a process whereby, in the light of the total evidence and the conclusions from the other types of reasoning, one may modify, expand, simplify or demolish a conceptual framework proposed for deductions, and modify the nature of the evidence sought, the criteriology, the axioms, and the surmised complexity of the scientific theory. (The process of diagnosis as applied to a patient may in extreme cases lead to the discovery of an entirely new disease with its own, quite new, set of diagnostic criteria. This course cannot be accommodated inside either of the other two types of reasoning.) Illation has something of the character of Kuhn's scientific revolution in physics; but it differs in that it is the nature, not the degree or frequency of change that distinguishes it from Kuhn's normal science.


Wednesday, 11 February 2009


Currently, the term curry is used broadly, in English, to refer to almost any spiced, sauce-based dishes cooked in various southern and southeastern Asian styles. Though each curry has a specific name, generically any wet side dish made out of vegetables and/or meat is historically referred to as a "curry" - especially the yellow, Indian-inspired powders and sauces with high proportions of turmeric. The dishes are given specific names that indicate the meat and/or vegetable, method of cooking, or the particular spices used.

In India the word "curry" is heavily used in the southern part of India in languages such as Tamil. "Curry" is analogous to "sabzi" in the north. The word "kari" has its origins in Old Tamil which means "flesh". The word for gravy (of any sort) is "kolambu" in Tamil. Therefore any gravy prepared with meat in it, was known as "kari kolambu" which means "meat gravy". In a later development, any gravy with meat in it came to be called "kari".

The spice mixes are known as "masala". Curry powder and Garam masala are both masalas. There is a particular north Indian and Pakistani dish, which is given the name kadi and uses yogurt, ghee, and besan. In Northern India and Pakistan, the word "curry" usually means "gravy", likely because it sounds similar to the word "tari" (which means "gravy" in many North Indian and Pakistani languages, and comes from word "Tur" which means "wet" in Urdu and Persian)[1]. Bengali dishes called "Torkari" or vegetables stewed/dry in gravy is another potential source for the anglicized "curry".


Tuesday, 10 February 2009

Great Circles

A great circle is defined as any circle drawn on a globe (or other sphere) with a center that includes the center of the globe. Thus, a great circle divides the globe into two equal halves. Since they must follow the circumference of the Earth to divide it, great circles are about 40,000 kilometers (24,854 miles) in length along meridians. At the equator though, a great circle is a little bit longer as the Earth is not a perfect sphere.

In addition, great circles represent the shortest distance between two points anywhere on the Earth's surface. Because of this, great circles have been important in navigation for hundreds of years but their presence was discovered by ancient mathematicians.


Monday, 9 February 2009

History Mystey

Have a history teacher explain this----- if they can.

Abraham Lincoln was elected to Congress in 1846.
John F. Kennedy was elected to Congress in 1946.

Abraham Lincoln was elected President in 1860.
John F. Kennedy was elected President in 1960.

Both were particularly concerned with civil rights.
Both wives lost their children while living in the White House.

Both Presidents were shot on a Friday.
Both Presidents were shot in the head

Now it gets really weird.

Lincoln 's secretary was named Kennedy.
Kennedy's Secretary was named Lincoln .

Both were assassinated by Southerners.
Both were succeeded by Southerners named Johnson.

Andrew Johnson, who succeeded Lincoln, was born in 1808.
Lyndon Johnson, who succeeded Kennedy, was born in 1908.

John Wilkes Booth, who assassinated Lincoln, was born in 1839.
Lee Harvey Oswald, who assassinated Kennedy, was born in 1939.

Both assassins were known by their three names.
Both names are composed of fifteen letters.

Now hang on to your seat.

Lincoln was shot at the theater named 'Ford'.
Kennedy was shot in a car called ' Lincoln ' made by 'Ford'.

Lincoln was shot in a theater and his assassin ran and hid in a warehouse.
Kennedy was shot from a warehouse and his assassin ran and hid in a theater.

Booth and Oswald were assassinated before their trials.

And here's the kicker...

A week before Lincoln was shot, he was in Monroe , Maryland
A week before Kennedy was shot, he was with Marilyn Monroe.


Sunday, 8 February 2009

Alice was beginning to get very tired…

Alice was beginning to get very tired of sitting by her sister on the bank, and of having nothing to do: once or twice she had peeped into the book her sister was reading, but it had no pictures or conversations in it, 'and what is the use of a book,' thought Alice 'without pictures or conversation?'

The first line of Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, by Lewis Carroll

Saturday, 7 February 2009

10 facts about elephants you might not know:

  1. Elephants are not only the largest land animals, but also the second-tallest, after the giraffe.
  2. The Buddha’s mother dreamed a white elephant gave her a lotus flower on the eve of his birth. Possession of a white elephant has since been seen as a blessing by the monarchs of Southeast Asia. Because these animals were exempt from work, their upkeep was very expensive, and therefore also a bit of a curse. Hence the term ‘white elephant’ for prestige projects that cost (a lot) more money than they bring in.
  3. In South Asia, elephants were used to execute the condemned, by crushing them underfoot.
  4. The 37 war elephants used by Hannibal in his famous military campaign against Rome (in 218 BC) were probably North African forest elephants, a now extinct, smaller subspecies of the African elephant.
  5. As humans are either left- or right-handed, elephants are usually left- or right-tusked. The ‘master tusk’ is typically more worn down than the other one.
  6. The Prophet Muhammad was born in the Year of the Elephant (app. 570 AD), so named because the (Christian) king of Yemen attacked Mecca but failed to reach the Ka’aba because Mahmoud, a white war elephant, refused to enter the city. The story is related in the 105th surat of the Qur’an, entitled al-Fil (’the elephant’).
  7. Harun al-Rashid, the caliph of Baghdad, presented Charlemagne, emperor of the Frankish empire, with an elephant in 798. This elephant, named Abul-Abbas, actually only arrived in the empire’s capital of Aachen in 802. It was sent forth in battle against the Danish under king Godfred in 804 and died a few years later of pneumonia, possibly caught while swimming in the Rhine.
  8. Hunting of tusked elephants has increased the mating chances of elephants with the absent-tusk gene, raising the percentage of tuskless elephants from 1% (1930) to 30% now.
  9. Old elephants adapt to their last, worn-out set of teeth by moving to marshland with soft foliage. When their last teeth finally fall out, they die of starvation.
  10. Elephant Appreciation Day is on September 22nd.


Friday, 6 February 2009

Avoid These 20 Worst Supermarket Foods

Editor-in-chief of Men's Health and author of the bestselling book Eat This, Not That has just released a new supermarket survival guide.

Here's a quick look at what it says you should avoid putting in your cart:

The roundup features 20 of the worst supermarket foods you can find organized by category. If a few goodies you love made the list, don't despair. The article also lists healthier alternatives that should satisfy many of the same cravings that made you reach for the unhealthy food in the first place.

According to the author, the 20 worst supermarket foods include:

  • Worst Crunchy Snack: Gardetto's Special Request Roasted Garlic Rye Chips
  • Worst Cookie: Pillsbury Big Deluxe Classics White Chunk Macadamia Nut
  • Worst Yogurt: Stonyfield Farm Whole Milk Chocolate Underground
  • Worst Candy: Twix
  • Worst Condiment: Eggo Original Syrup
  • Worst Ice Cream: Haagen-Dazs Chocolate Peanut Butter
  • Worst Drink: AriZona Kiwi Strawberry
  • Worst "Healthy" Pantry Item: Pop-Tarts Whole Grain Brown Sugar Cinnamon
  • Worst Frozen "Healthy" Entree: Healthy Choice Complete Selections Sweet & Sour Chicken
  • Worst Cereal: Quaker 100% Natural Granola, Oats, Honey & Raisins
  • Worst Packaged Pasta: Pasta Roni Fettuccine Alfredo
  • Worst Baked Good: Otis Spunkmeyer Banana Nut Muffins
  • Wort Frozen Treat: Toll House Ice Cream Chocolate Chip Cookie Sandwich
  • Worst Individual Snack: Hostess Chocolate Pudding Pie
  • Worst Packaged Lunch: Oscar Mayer Maxed Out Turkey & Cheddar Cracker Combo Lunchables
  • Worst Stir-Fry: Bertolli Grilled Chicken Alfredo & Fettuccine Complete Skillet Meal for Two
  • Worst Frozen Breakfast: Jimmy Dean Pancake and Sausage Links Breakfast Bowls
  • Worst Frozen Pizza: DiGiorno for One Garlic Bread Crust Supreme Pizza
  • Worst Frozen Entree: Hungry-Man Classic Fried Chicken
  • Worst Packaged Food in America: Marie Callender's Creamy Parmesan Chicken Pot Pie


Thursday, 5 February 2009

Why is ketchup not listed as a topping on a West Virginia Hot Dog?

There are many reasons why one shouldn't eat ketchup on a hot dog any hot dog.First, the National Hot Dog and Sausage Council's "Hot Dog Etiquette" rules dictate that no one over 18 should never eat ketchup on a hot dog. Ketchup is destructive of all that is right and just about a properly assembled hot dog since its sweetness and acidic taste overpowers food and disguises its true flavor.

In the film Sudden Impact, San Francisco detective Harry Callahan (Clint Eastwood) launches a tirade while conversing with a cop who's munching a ketchup-topped dog at a murder scene:

"Nah, this stuff isn't getting to me — the shootings, the knifings, the beatings... old ladies being bashed in the head for their social security checks[.] [...] Nah, that doesn't bother me. But you know what does bother me? You know what makes me really sick to my stomach? It's watching you stuff your face with those hot dogs. Nobody... I mean nobody puts ketchup on a hot dog."

We agree with Harry.


Wednesday, 4 February 2009

Man Killed by Exploding Cell Phone

A man has died after his cell phone exploded, severing a major artery in his neck, according to reports.

The man, thought to be a shop assistant in his twenties at a computer shop in Guangzhou, southern China, died after he put a new battery in his phone. It was believed that he may have just finished charging the battery and had put the phone in his breast pocket when it exploded.


Tuesday, 3 February 2009

Quandang, quandong & quantong

quandong, quandang - Australian tree with edible flesh and edible nutlike seed

quandong, quandang, quantong - red Australian fruit; used for dessert or in jam


Monday, 2 February 2009

If your Bob dosn't gi' our Bob that Bob...

If your Bob dosn't gi' our Bob that Bob that your Bob owes our Bob, our Bob is gunna gi' your Bob a bob on the nose !!!!


If your Robert does not give our Robert that shilling that he owes him, our Robert will hit your Robert on the nose !!!


Sunday, 1 February 2009

More Weird Facts

  • 'Stewardesses' is the longest word typed with only the left hand
  • And 'lollipop' is the longest word typed with your right hand.
  • No word in the English language rhymes with month, orange, silver, or purple.
  • 'Dreamt' is the only English word that ends in the letters 'mt'.
  • Our eyes are always the same size from birth, but our nose and ears never stop growing.
  • There are only four words in the English language which end in 'dous': tremendous, horrendous, stupendous, and hazardous.
  • 'Typewriter' is the longest word that can be made using the letters only on one row of the keyboard.
  • February 1865 is the only month in recorded history not to have a full moon.

from uk.rec.humour