Animals can be described in a huge variety of poses, including
- rampant (the typical heraldic pose, on one leg),
- salient (springing from two legs),
- passant (standing on three legs, front one raised),
- statant (on four legs),
- sejant (seated),
- couchant (lying on all fours with head up, like a sphinx), or
- dormant (sleeping).
Birds are drawn
- erect (similar to rampant, standing upright facing right with both wings on left side) or
- displayed ('spread-eagled').
Heads look towards the right, unless they are
- guardant (looking out at the viewer).