Gingham is a type of simple woven cotton or linen cloth, originally with a regular bright coloured stripe but later appearing as a check or plaid pattern.
The colours are commonly blue/white or red/white. This cool, breathable textile varies from medium to light-weight and can range from a very small checked pattern to very large checks.
There is no right or wrong side in gingham as it has the same appearance on both sides. This is due to the fibres already being coloured before they are woven together.
This makes gingham very economical for dress-making or home furnishing.